In 2006, the California Air Resources Board (CARB) adopted new regulations to reduce emissions from large spark-ignited (LSI) engine powered equipment including forklifts, sweeper/scrubbers and industrial tow tractors. The regulation set fleet average emission level requirements (FAELs) that decreased each year to encourage the use of electric vehicles and low-emissions engines. CARB’s regulation applies to off-road gasoline, propane, LPG, CNG, and electric vehicles of 25 horsepower or greater.
Unlike car emissions where each vehicle receives a tailpipe assessment, a fleet is evaluated by uploading make, model, year and other data to CARB online. Each vehicle receives an emissions score based on its age and other factors.
- Electric forklifts receive zero points
- Forklifts older than 2001 automatically score 12 points
- Newer forklifts may only score 1-3 points depending on the year they were made
CARB calculates an average of all the vehicles and this its FAEL (fleet average emissions level). On July 21, 2016, the Air Resources Board amended the regulation to include new reporting and labeling requirements. The deadline to have vehicles reported and labeled is June 30th, 2017.
CARB LSI Fleet Reporting and Labeling:
- Report all equipment subject to a Fleet Average Emission Level (FAEL) beginning June 30, 2017 and until June 30, 2023.
- Label of each piece of equipment subject to a FAEL beginning June 30, 2017 and until June 30, 2023 and maintain records until June 30, 2023.
- Reporting should be completed early enough to meet the labeling deadline of June 30, 2017.
Equipment information should be submitted via DOORS, an on-line reporting system already in use by fleets that own and operate diesel off-road equipment. Fleet managers with an existing DOORS account can use the same login information and create a new LSI fleet.
Fleet information can be entered manually or uploaded in bulk from a spreadsheet. Each piece of equipment is assigned a unique Equipment Identification Number (EIN). The fleet must subsequently label each piece of equipment within 30 days of receiving EINs.
The label can be securely applied or painted on each vehicle. California ARB does not issue labels. The fleet manager must follow ARB’s label specifications and either make, paint, or purchase the labels: white characters on red background using characters at least 3” tall by 1.5” wide; affixed 5’ high (or as high as possible).
Do I Really Have to Do This?
The fine for non-compliance is $500 per vehicle per day. For what it’s worth, CARB hasn’t changed the Fleet Average Emission Level Compliance (FAELs). The new requirement is for fleet managers to report and label their equipment.
Fleets with three or fewer forklifts or large spark-ignited (LSI) engine powered equipment are exempt. Equipment that is leased or rented for no more than 30 aggregated calendar days per year is also exempt.
For additional exemptions and details on how to report fleet data without using the online DOORS portal, download the CARB LSI Engine Fleet Regulation Overview. For the regulation amended language download the appendix.
How Can I Lower My Fleet's FAEL?
The goal of CARB’s regulation is to phase out older equipment and encourage fleet managers to buy electric and low-emission vehicles instead. If buying a new electric forklift or sweeper / scrubber isn’t an option for your business, we can retrofit older equipment to reduce emissions. We also stock used electric forklifts.